European modernism directions and their echoes during the interwar period in Albanian literature, or The bloody sense of retrieval

PhD. ARDIAN KYCYKU

- PhD thesis in Philology
Universal and Comparative Literature
Held on April 1998 (Series P No. Diploma 0002011/333 / 20.VII.1998
issued by the Ministry of Education, University of Bucharest, Faculty of Letters)
Scientific coordinator: Academician DAN GRIGORESCU

Key disciplines:
Imagology, Semiotics, rare movement Literature, East – West Intercultural Communication

Directions in European modernism and their echoes between the wars in Albanian literature or The bloody sense of retrieval is the description and deciphering, in a interdisciplinary key, of a birth metaphor belonging to a modern literature in Eastern Europe, or the act of exchanging of an archaic oral literature in Europe. This act involves a double movement of seduction-rejection: a blast stretching from east to Europe (which crystallize a tradition), and a stretch intuitive and thirsty of specific and exoticism – of Europe to east. This paper studies the communication between East and West, in imagological, semiotic and cultural terms, using illustrative examples of European modernism directions (with an already universal impact) and the most interesting and rich period of Albanian literature (for several reasons unknown, primarily due to the fact that the Albanian language is not a language of global communication). Beyond the differences and inconsistencies in time, East - West relationship, of linguistically and culturally point of view reveals communion and certain trends on approach and retrieval.

The paper is divided into the following chapters:
·The meanings and consequences of the word "almost" of the syntagma "to be almost the same";
·Interwar period seen as a third war. Structure of Albanian soul, Ottoman Empire, reign of Zog I and the roots of communism. Albanian language. Relationship between content and form of expression. A God located in the separation of the two worlds;
·Triple exile zodiac. Great personalities of Albanian literature in the interwar period. Tradition. Language toward crystallization. Exile as a fertile space for paranoia and genius. Multiple rebellion and nonconformity;
·Milestones in the development of Albanian novel;
·The concept of modernism and European modernism directions. Modernism and modernity;
·The "echo" term;
·Albatross, from understanding of the world to the inner denial; acceptance and expulsion of martyrdom. The Nosit. The ridicole and the "perversion" of the existence taste. Between God, Satan and empty transcendence. Perfection of expression and poetic form – an early and omniscient death?! Lasgush Poradeci – toward the beauty of horror and toward a horror of beauty. Perfect molecular structure and hierarchy, and the spirit which animates them. Kamadeva - human immortalization in the act of creation. (Charles Baudelaire and Lasgush Poradeci);
·A life, but short, in inferno. "Far and wide I want to walk into hell”. Voluptuousness of being naughty, unpublished incomprehensible. Rimbaud and Migjeni – mystics in embryonic and wild state, or angels sent to see what happened after Chaos. Sensuality of "Migration Souls". The meeting of East and West, or heads division. (Arthur Rimbaud and Millosh Gjergj Nikolla / Migjeni);
·A season - but as a life long – more smiling, belonging to inferno. Fantastic which can remove inferno; with the details that can even build a heaven. Balkan ghosts soul, heavens and chasms, excesses, war, vengeance and faith of Mitrush Kuteli (Elements of Eastern prose, particulary the Romanian one, during the prewar and interwar and Mitrush Kuteli);
·Killer man slipped under the skin of modern man, and an attempt to elucidate the subconscious. Man created in the image of Unseen and the Beast kneaded after visible fashion. Great disappointment and sense of nonsensical of "progress" concept. Decomposition of modern culture invaded by appearances and the paradox of depths: lack of pity. Return to Faith. (European modernist prose, existentialism, Andre Gide and Ernest Koliqi);
·Chaos nourishment. Requirement of myths. Updating myths; how much sounds like a demythisation. Intelect poetics. Fan Noli, from Peter's denial, to the ancient marathoner. Moses is born in the time of Moses.
·Heartbreaking feeling of Innocence, and of God's eternal Childhood. Paul Claudel. Oblivion: an empowerment to conquer all possible lives. "To give you life as you were born." Gjergj Fishta. Through Christianity, romance, Hellenism to a communion with Eden. Poetry, a self-expression of God (Paul Claudel and Gjergj Fishta).

In conclusion, the differences in these two spiritual spaces essentially do not go beyond the boundary of aesthetic and terminology. If Europe would have been subjugated entirely by the spiritual desert, cultural exiles of the East would be able to save their artistic identity, to explain the existence of past – and viceversa. We deal with two spaces, which always tend to live each other specifics, eventually eliminating at the end, although sometimes with delays, any arrogance and / or ephemeral vanities and geopolitical rigidities. Between these two areas, however, lies a God in the knot that connects and separates the two final optionsposition which decides the future communication between both European spaces.


Note: Following this PhD thesis, the following studies appeared: "God minor imitator" (monografy, Romanian University Press, Timisoara 2000, ISBN: 973-8063-02-7) and "Patenting of insomnia" (extensive afterword to the anthology "The beauty that kills" (modern Albanian prose, in Romanian, Publisher Librarium Haemus, Bucharest, 2006, 195 p., ISBN: (10) 973-87952-3-0, (13) 978-973-87952-3-5). After years of research and meditation, under individual initiative SEMIOTICON BALCANIC, taking ideas and fragments of volumes above, with revisions, updates and additions, I have prepared and are forthcoming the following volumes:Rara avis” – literary Study, imagological and semiotic of the life and work of the European lyrical Albanian Lasgush Poradeci, Publisher Librarium Haemus, digital edition, ISBN: 978-606-8093-64-2, şi "Outism and insomnia"An imagological and semiotic study about some Albanians authors of literary expression, ISBN: 978-606-8093-65-9.